MICHIGAN FIREWORKS SAFETY ACT
Act 256 of 2011
28.451 Short title.
Sec. 1. This act shall be known and may be cited as the "Michigan fireworks safety act".
Sec. 2. As used in this act:
(a) "Agricultural and wildlife fireworks" means fireworks devices distributed to farmers, ranchers, and
growers through a wildlife management program administered by the United States department of the interior or the
department of natural resources of this state.
(b) "APA standard 87-1" means 2001 APA standard 87-1, standard for construction and approval for
transportation of fireworks, novelties, and theatrical pyrotechnics, published by the American pyrotechnics
association of Bethesda, Maryland.
(c) "Articles pyrotechnic" means pyrotechnic devices for professional use that are similar to consumer
fireworks in chemical composition and construction but not intended for consumer use, that meet the weight limits
for consumer fireworks but are not labeled as such, and that are classified as UN0431 or UN0432 under 49 CFR
(d) "Citation" means that term as described in section 17a.
(e) "Commercial manufacturer" means a person engaged in the manufacture of consumer fireworks.
(f) "Consumer fireworks" means fireworks devices that are designed to produce visible effects by
combustion, that are required to comply with the construction, chemical composition, and labeling regulations
promulgated by the United States consumer product safety commission under 16 CFR parts 1500 and 1507, and that
are listed in APA standard 87-1, 3.1.2, 3.1.3, or 3.5. Consumer fireworks does not include low-impact fireworks.
(g) "Consumer fireworks certificate" means a certificate issued under section 4.
(h) "Department" means the department of licensing and regulatory affairs.
(i) "Display fireworks" means large fireworks devices that are explosive materials intended for use in
fireworks displays and designed to produce visible or audible effects by combustion, deflagration, or detonation, as
provided in 27 CFR 555.11, 49 CFR 172, and APA standard 87-1, 4.1.
(j) "Firework" or "fireworks" means any composition or device, except for a starting pistol, a flare gun, or a
flare, designed for the purpose of producing a visible or audible effect by combustion, deflagration, or detonation.
Fireworks consist of consumer fireworks, low-impact fireworks, articles pyrotechnic, display fireworks, and special
(k) "Fireworks safety fund" means the fireworks safety fund created in section 11.
(l) "Local unit of government" means a city, village, or township.
(m) "Low-impact fireworks" means ground and handheld sparkling devices as that phrase is defined under
APA standard 87-1, 3.1, 188.8.131.52 to 184.108.40.206, and 3.5.
(n) "Minor" means an individual who is less than 18 years of age.
(o) "NFPA" means the national fire protection association headquartered at 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy,
(p) "NFPA 1" means the uniform fire code, 2006 edition, developed by NFPA.
(q) "NFPA 72" means the "National Fire Alarm Code", 2002 edition, developed by NFPA.
(r) "NFPA 101" means the "Life Safety Code", 2009 edition, developed by NFPA.
(s) "NFPA 1123" means the "Code for Fireworks Display", 2010 edition, developed by NFPA.
(t) "NFPA 1124" means the "Code for the Manufacture, Transportation, Storage, and Retail Sales of
Fireworks and Pyrotechnic Articles", 2006 edition, developed by NFPA.
(u) "NFPA 1126" means the "Standard for the Use of Pyrotechnics Before a Proximate Audience", 2011
edition, developed by NFPA.
(v) "Novelties" means that term as defined under APA standard 87-1, 3.2, 3.2.1, 3.2.2, 3.2.3, 3.2.4, and
3.2.5 and all of the following:
(i) Toy plastic or paper caps for toy pistols in sheets, strips, rolls, or individual caps containing not
more than .25 of a grain of explosive content per cap, in packages labeled to indicate the maximum explosive
content per cap.
(ii) Toy pistols, toy cannons, toy canes, toy trick noisemakers, and toy guns in which toy caps as
described in subparagraph (i) are used, that are constructed so that the hand cannot come in contact with the cap
when in place for the explosion, and that are not designed to break apart or be separated so as to form a missile by
(iii) Flitter sparklers in paper tubes not exceeding 1/8 inch in diameter.
(iv) Toy snakes not containing mercury, if packed in cardboard boxes with not more than 12
pieces per box for retail sale and if the manufacturer's name and the quantity contained in each box are printed on
the box; and toy smoke devices.
(w) "Permanent building or structure" is a building or structure that is affixed to a foundation on a site that
has fixed utility connections and that is intended to remain on the site for more than 180 consecutive calendar days.
(x) "Person" means an individual, agent, association, charitable organization, company, limited liability
company, corporation, labor organization, legal representative, partnership, unincorporated organization, or any
other legal or commercial entity.
(y) "Retailer" means a person who sells consumer fireworks or low-impact fireworks for resale to an
individual for ultimate use.
(z) "Retail location" means a facility listed under NFPA 1124, 7.1.2.
(aa) "Rule" means that term as defined in section 7 of the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA
306, MCL 24.207, that was promulgated by the department.
(bb) "Serious impairment of a body function" means that term as defined in section 58c of the Michigan
vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.58c.
(cc) "Serious violation" means a violation of this act, an order issued under this act, or a rule promulgated
or adopted by reference under this act for which a substantial probability exists that death or serious impairment of a
body function to a person other than the violator may result unless the violator did not and could not, with the
exercise of reasonable diligence, know of the presence of the violation.
(dd) "Special effects" means a combination of chemical elements or chemical compounds capable of
burning independently of the oxygen of the atmosphere and designed and intended to produce an audible, visual,
mechanical, or thermal effect as an integral part of a motion picture, radio, television, theatrical, or opera production
or live entertainment.
(ee) "State fire marshal" means the state fire marshal appointed under section 1b of the fire prevention
code, 1941 PA 207, MCL 29.1b.
(ff) "Warehouse" means a permanent building or structure used primarily for the storage of consumer
fireworks or low-impact fireworks.
(gg) "Wholesaler" means any person who sells consumer fireworks or low-impact fireworks to a retailer or
any other person for resale. Wholesaler does not include a person who sells only display fireworks or special effects.
28.453 Novelties; inapplicability of act.
Sec. 3. This act does not apply to novelties. Nothing in this act allows a local unit of government to enact or
enforce an ordinance, code, or regulation pertaining to, or in any manner regulating, the sale, storage, display for
sale, transportation, use, or distribution of novelties.
28.454 Sale of consumer fireworks; certificate required; violation as misdemeanor; penalty; application;
requirements; issuance; validity; issuance of original or renewal certificate; sales tax license information; denial;
transfer; display; prohibition; location or address; disposition of fees.
(1) A person shall not sell consumer fireworks unless the person annually obtains and maintains a
consumer fireworks certificate from the department under this section. A person who knows, or should know, that
he or she is required to comply with this subsection and who fails or neglects to do so is guilty of a misdemeanor
punishable by imprisonment for not more than 2 years or a fine, or both, with the fine as follows:
(a) For a first violation of this subsection, not more than $5,000.00.
(b) For a second violation of this subsection, not more than $20,000.00.
(c) For a third or subsequent violation of this subsection, not more than $40,000.00.
(2) An application for a consumer fireworks certificate shall meet all of the following requirements:
(a) The application shall be submitted no later than April 1 of each year in which consumer fireworks are to
(b) The application shall list the name and address of each retail location from which consumer fireworks
are to be sold.
(c) The application shall be accompanied by a fee of $1,000.00 for a certificate for each retail location that
is a permanent building or structure or $600.00 for each retail location that is not a permanent building or structure.
The fireworks certificate fee required to be paid for a retail location that is not a permanent building or structure
shall not exceed 60% of the fireworks certificate fee for a retail location that is a permanent building or structure.
(d) The application shall be accompanied by a copy of the applicant's current sales tax license, including
the applicant's account number, issued by the department of treasury for each retail location where consumer
fireworks are to be sold by the applicant.
(3) A consumer fireworks certificate issued under this section is valid from the date of issue until April 30
of the year after it was issued. A person may renew a consumer fireworks certificate for a retail location by making
application in the same manner as provided under subsection (2). However, the department shall not issue a renewal
consumer fireworks certificate unless the department determines that the applicant properly remitted all of the
fireworks safety fees required to be paid in the preceding year. The department shall provide to the department of
treasury the sales tax license information received from the applicant and any additional information as may be
necessary to allow the department of treasury to confirm that each sales tax license submitted by the applicant is
current and valid. The department shall enter into an agreement with the department of treasury under section 28(1)
of 1941 PA 122, MCL 205.28, that will allow the department of treasury to provide that information to the
department. The department shall not issue an original or renewal consumer fireworks certificate to an applicant
until the department of treasury has confirmed to the department that each sales tax license submitted by the
applicant is current and valid, and that the applicant is otherwise eligible to obtain a consumer fireworks certificate
under this act.
(4) Not more than 30 days after an application is submitted to the department under this section, the
department shall issue or deny issuance of a consumer fireworks certificate to the applicant and, if issuance is
denied, shall indicate to the applicant the reason for denial.
(5) If the department denies issuance of a consumer fireworks certificate under this section, the applicant
may cure any defect of the application within 45 days after the denial without paying an additional fee. The
department shall not unreasonably delay or deny an application under this section.
(6) A consumer fireworks certificate is transferable upon approval by the department and the payment of a
$25.00 transfer fee. However, the department shall not approve the transfer of a consumer fireworks certificate
unless the transferee satisfies eligibility requirements for an original consumer fireworks certificate under this act.
(7) The holder of a consumer fireworks certificate shall prominently display the original or copy of the
certificate in the appropriate retail location. A person that violates this subsection is responsible for a civil fine of
$100.00. Each day that the consumer fireworks certificate is not displayed as required under this subsection is a
(8) The department shall not issue a consumer fireworks certificate to a person that is ineligible under this
(9) The face of the consumer fireworks certificate shall indicate the location or address for which it was
(10) Fees collected under this section shall be deposited in the fireworks safety fund.
28.455 Sale of consumer fireworks from retail location; conditions; failure to comply; civil fine; insurance coverage.
(1) Consumer fireworks shall only be sold from a retail location if all of the following applicable conditions
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), a retail location satisfies the applicable requirements of NFPA
101 and NFPA 1124 not in conflict with this act, and the Stille-DeRossett-Hale single state construction code act,
1972 PA 230, MCL 125.1501 to 125.1531. However, any provision of the Stille-DeRossett-Hale single state
construction code act, 1972 PA 230, MCL 125.1501 to 125.1531, that is inconsistent with the applicable
requirements of NFPA 101 and NFPA 1124 is superseded to the extent of the inconsistency or conflict.
(b) Beginning January 1, 2013, a permanent building or structure shall be equipped with a fire suppression
system in compliance with NFPA 1124.
(c) The retailer at that retail location is licensed under section 3 of the general sales tax act, 1933 PA 167,
(d) The retailer has a valid federal taxpayer identification number issued by the federal department of the
treasury, internal revenue service. This requirement does not apply to a retailer that is a sole proprietorship.
(2) A person that knows, or should know, that he or she is required to comply with subsection (1) and who
fails or neglects to do so is responsible for a civil fine of $2,500.00 for each violation. Each day that a person is in
noncompliance constitutes a separate violation.
(3) During periods when consumer fireworks are sold, each retail location selling consumer fireworks
either shall be added as an additional insured, or public liability and product liability insurance coverage shall be
obtained and maintained, in an amount not less than $10,000,000.00 per occurrence. A person that knows, or should
know, that he or she is required to comply with this subsection and who fails or neglects to do so is liable for a civil
fine of not more than $5,000.00.
28.456 Website; establishment and maintenance by department; registration with low-impact fireworks retail
(1) The department shall establish and maintain, or cause to be created and maintained, an internet website
that has as its purpose the protection of the residents of this state who purchase, use, or transport fireworks. The
website shall include, at a minimum, both of the following:
(a) A list of every person and entity that is issued a consumer fireworks certificate under section 4.
(b) A low-impact fireworks retail registry. All of the following apply to the online low-impact fireworks
(i) It shall be maintained and operated at no cost to a user.
(ii) The cost of its maintenance and operation shall be paid with funds described in section 11(4).
(iii) It shall provide for instant registry without condition.
(2) Beginning February 1, 2012, a person shall not sell low-impact fireworks unless he or she registers with
the low-impact fireworks retail registry not less than 10 days before selling the fireworks in each calendar year.
(3) A person who sells low-impact fireworks at retail and who fails to register as described in this section
shall cease the sale of low-impact fireworks until the person complies with subsection (2).
28.457 Local ordinances.
(1) Except as provided in this act, a local unit of government shall not enact or enforce an ordinance, code,
or regulation pertaining to or in any manner regulating the sale, display, storage, transportation, or distribution of
fireworks regulated under this act.
(2) A local unit of government may enact an ordinance regulating the ignition, discharge, and use of
consumer fireworks, including, but not limited to, an ordinance prescribing the hours of the day or night during
which a person may ignite, discharge, or use consumer fireworks. If a local unit of government enacts an ordinance
under this subsection, the ordinance shall not regulate the ignition, discharge, or use of consumer fireworks on the
day preceding, the day of, or the day after a national holiday except as follows:
(a) A local unit of government with a population of 50,000 or more or a local unit of government located in
a county with a population of 750,000 or more may regulate the ignition, discharge, or use of consumer fireworks
between the hours of 12 midnight and 8 a.m. or between the hours of 1 a.m. and 8 a.m. on New Year's day.
(b) A local unit of government with a population of less than 50,000 located in a county with a population
of less than 750,000 may regulate the ignition, discharge, or use of consumer fireworks between the hours of 1 a.m.
and 8 a.m.
(3) An ordinance under subsection (2) shall only impose a civil fine of not more than $500.00 for each
violation of the ordinance and no other fine or sanction.
28.458 Fireworks safety fee; imposition; payment; deposit in fireworks safety fund; failure to comply as
(1) A user fee, known as the fireworks safety fee, is imposed on retail transactions made in this state for
consumer fireworks and low-impact fireworks as provided in section 9.
(2) A person that acquires consumer fireworks or low-impact fireworks in a retail transaction is liable for
the fireworks safety fee on the transaction and, except as otherwise provided in this act, shall pay the fireworks
safety fee to the retailer as a separate added amount to the consideration in the transaction. The retailer shall collect
the fireworks safety fee as an agent for the state.
(3) The fireworks safety fee shall be deposited in the fireworks safety fund.
(4) A person that knows or should know that he or she is required to comply with the requirements of
subsection (2) but fails to collect or remit a fireworks safety fee as required under this section is guilty of a
misdemeanor punishable by a fine as follows:
(a) For a first violation of this subsection, not more than $10,000.00.
(b) For a second violation of this subsection, not more than $20,000.00.
(c) For a third or subsequent violation of this subsection, not more than $40,000.00.
28.459 Fireworks safety fee; determination; rates; collection allowance.
(1) Except as provided in subsections (2) and (3), the fireworks safety fee is determined by the gross retail
income from consumer fireworks and low-impact fireworks received by a retail merchant in a retail unitary
transaction of consumer fireworks and low-impact fireworks and is imposed before any taxes are applied at the
following rates: FIREWORKS GROSS RETAIL INCOME
(2) On a retail unitary transaction in which the gross retail income received by the retail merchant is $1.04
or more, the fireworks safety fee is 6% of that gross retail income as determined before any taxes are applied.
(3) If the fireworks safety fee calculated under subsection (1) results in a fraction of 1/2 cent or more, the
amount of the fireworks safety fee shall be rounded to the next additional cent.
(4) The retailer whose retail location is a permanent building or structure may retain 1% of the fireworks
safety fees that the retailer collected under this section as a collection allowance.
28.460 Fireworks safety fees; remittance; forms; manner; payment liability; past due amounts; aggregate filing;
(1) The retailer or person to whom a consumer fireworks certificate is issued is responsible for remitting all
fireworks safety fees as described in section 9 to the department on forms and in the manner prescribed by the
department; shall hold the fireworks safety fees collected in trust for the state until remitted to the state; and is
personally liable for the payment of the fireworks safety fee money to this state.
(2) The department may refer for collection to the department of treasury past due amounts of the fireworks
safety fee consistent with section 13 of 1941 PA 122, MCL 205.13.
(3) A retailer or person shall remit the fireworks safety fees no later than 20 days after the end of each
preceding month. A retailer or person that operates 25 or more retail locations in this state that are permanent
buildings or structures may remit the fireworks safety fees in an aggregate filing under 1 common identification
number as determined by the department.
(4) The department shall investigate any fireworks safety fees reported, but not paid, by a retailer no later
than September 30 of each year.
28.461 Fireworks safety fund; creation within department of treasury; investment; money remaining in fund; lapse;
expenditures; delegation of inspection duties; program.
(1) The fireworks safety fund is created within the department of treasury.
(2) The state treasurer may receive money or other assets from any source for deposit into the fund. The
state treasurer shall direct the investment of the fund. The state treasurer shall credit to the fund interest and earnings
from fund investments.
(3) Money in the fund at the close of the fiscal year shall remain in the fund and shall not lapse to the
(4) The department shall expend money deposited in the fund as follows:
(a) One hundred percent of the money received from fireworks safety fees under section 8 to be used for
the training of firefighters under the direction and approval of the firefighters training council established under the
firefighters training council act, 1966 PA 291, MCL 29.361 to 29.377.
(b) One hundred percent of the money received from consumer fireworks safety certificates under section 4
to administer this act and to pay the costs of delegating inspections under this act to local units of government under
SAFETY FROM THE
FEE RETAIL UNITARY
$ 0 less than $ 0.08
$ 0.01 at least $ 0.08 but less than $ 0.24
$ 0.02 at least $ 0.24 but less than $ 0.40
$ 0.03 at least $ 0.40 but less than $ 0.56
$ 0.04 at least $ 0.56 but less than $ 0.72
$ 0.05 at least $ 0.72 but less than $ 0.88
$ 0.06 at least $ 0.88 but less than $ 1.04
(5) The department may establish a program for delegating inspection duties under this act to 1 or more
local units of government. If a local unit of government agrees to carry out inspections, the department shall pay
70% of the consumer fireworks safety certificate fee paid by each retail location inspected by the local unit of
government and retain the remaining 30% of that fee. If a local unit of government declines to participate in the
program described in this subsection, the department retains its inspection duties under this act.
28.462 Prohibited conduct; permission required; violation as civil infraction; civil fine; sale to minor; definitions;
violation of smoking prohibition as misdemeanor; signage.
(1) A person shall not ignite, discharge, or use consumer fireworks on public property, school property,
church property, or the property of another person without that organization's or person's express permission to use
those fireworks on those premises. Except as otherwise provided in this section, a person that violates this
subsection is responsible for a state civil infraction and may be ordered to pay a civil fine of not more than $500.00.
(2) Consumer fireworks shall not be sold to a minor. A person that violates this subsection shall be ordered
to pay a civil fine of not more than $500.00, or, for a second or subsequent violation of this subsection, a civil fine of
not more than $1,000.00. In addition, the person's consumer fireworks certificate shall be suspended for 90 days
after the civil fine is ordered for a second or subsequent violation. This age requirement shall be verified by any of
(a) An operator's or chauffeur's license issued under the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.1
(b) An official state personal identification card issued under 1972 PA 222, MCL 28.291 to 28.300.
(c) An enhanced driver license or enhanced official state personal identification card issued under the
enhanced driver license and enhanced official state personal identification card act, 2008 PA 23, MCL 28.301 to
(d) A military identification card.
(e) A passport.
(f) Any other bona fide photograph identification that establishes the identity and age of the individual.
(3) An individual shall not discharge, ignite, or use consumer fireworks or low-impact fireworks while
under the influence of alcoholic liquor, a controlled substance, or a combination of alcoholic liquor and a controlled
substance. As used in this subsection:
(a) "Alcoholic liquor" means that term as defined in section 1d of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300,
(b) "Controlled substance" means that term as defined in section 8b of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA
300, MCL 257.8b.
(4) An individual who violates the smoking prohibition under NFPA 1124, 220.127.116.11 is guilty of a
misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 1 year or a fine of not more than $1,000.00, or both.
(5) Signage stating the smoking prohibition described in subsection (4) satisfies the requirements of NFPA
28.463 Resident agent.
Sec. 13. A wholesaler shall maintain a resident agent who resides in this state and who has a physical
address in this state. A post office box is not a physical address for purposes of this section.
28.464 Identification of firework in violation of act; investigation; determination of violation; seizure; criminal or
(1) A governmental or law enforcement agency that identifies a firework that is in violation of this act shall
secure the firework and immediately notify the department of the alleged violation. The department or law
enforcement agency shall investigate the alleged violation for compliance with this act within a reasonable time.
(2) If the department or law enforcement agency determines that a violation of this act has occurred, except
for a violation of section 6(2), the department or law enforcement agency may seize the firework as evidence of the
violation. Evidence seized under this section shall be stored pending disposition of any criminal or civil proceedings
arising from a violation of this act at the expense of the person, if the person is found guilty, responsible, or liable
for the violation.
28.465 Storage of seized fireworks; disposal or destruction; storage and disposal costs; use for training purposes.
(1) Fireworks seized for an alleged violation of this act shall be stored in compliance with this act and rules
promulgated under this act.
(2) Following final disposition of a conviction for violating this act, the seizing agency in possession may
dispose of or destroy any fireworks retained as evidence in that prosecution.
(3) The person from whom fireworks are seized under this act shall pay the actual costs of storage and
disposal of the seized fireworks.
(4) The department of state police and the department may use fireworks described in subsection (2) for
28.466 Articles pyrotechnic or display fireworks ignition; permit; competency and qualifications of operators;
retention of fee.
(1) The legislative body of a city, village, or township, upon application in writing on forms provided by
the department and payment of a fee set by the legislative body, if any, may grant a permit for the use of agricultural
or wildlife fireworks, articles pyrotechnic, display fireworks, or special effects manufactured for outdoor pest
control or agricultural purposes, or for public or private display within the city, village, or township by
municipalities, fair associations, amusement parks, or other organizations or individuals approved by the city,
village, or township authority, if the applicable provisions of this act are complied with. After a permit has been
granted, sales, possession, or transportation of fireworks for the purposes described in the permit only may be made.
A permit granted under this subsection is not transferable and shall not be issued to a minor.
(2) Before a permit for articles pyrotechnic or a display fireworks ignition is issued, the person, firm, or
corporation applying for the permit shall furnish proof of financial responsibility by a bond or insurance in an
amount, character, and form deemed necessary by the local governing authority to satisfy claims for damages to
property or personal injuries arising out of an act or omission on the part of the person, firm, or corporation or an
agent or employee of the person, firm, or corporation, and to protect the public.
(3) A permit shall not be issued under this act to a nonresident person, firm, or corporation for ignition of
articles pyrotechnic or display fireworks in this state until the person, firm, or corporation has appointed in writing a
resident member of the bar of this state or a resident agent to be the legal representative upon whom all process in an
action or proceeding against the person, firm, or corporation may be served.
(4) The local governing authority shall rule on the competency and qualifications of articles pyrotechnic
and display fireworks operators as required under NFPA 1123, as the operator has furnished in his or her application
form, and on the time, place, and safety aspects of the display of articles pyrotechnic or display fireworks before
(5) A local unit of government that charges a fee to issue a permit under this section shall retain the fee
28.467 Conduct not prohibited by act.
Sec. 17. Except as otherwise provided in this act, this act does not prohibit any of the following:
(a) A wholesaler, retailer, commercial manufacturer, or importer from selling, storing, using, transporting,
or distributing consumer fireworks or low-impact fireworks.
(b) The use of fireworks by railroads or other transportation agencies or law enforcement agencies for
signal purposes or illumination.
(c) The use of agricultural or wildlife fireworks.
(d) The sale or use of blank cartridges for any of the following:
(i) A show or play.
(ii) Signal or ceremonial purposes in athletics or sports.
(iii) Use by military organizations.
(iv) Use by law enforcement agencies.
(e) The possession, sale, or disposal of fireworks incidental to the public display of fireworks by
wholesalers or other persons who possess a permit to possess, store, and sell explosives from the bureau of alcohol,
tobacco, firearms, and explosives of the United States department of justice.
(f) Interstate wholesalers from selling, storing, using, transporting, or distributing fireworks.
28.467a Issuance of citation by state fire marshal.
(1) If, as a result of an inspection or investigation, the state fire marshal or the state fire marshal's designee
believes that a person has violated this act, an order issued under this act, or a rule promulgated under this act, the
state fire marshal or his or her designee shall issue a citation to the person not more than 90 days after the
completion of the physical inspection or investigation.
(2) Except as otherwise provided in this act, upon issuance of a citation, the state fire marshal may
immediately suspend the consumer fireworks certificate of the person to whom the citation was issued.
(3) Upon a proper petition, a court of competent jurisdiction may enjoin a violation of this act.
(4) All of the following apply to a citation issued by the state fire marshal or the state fire marshal's
designee under this act:
(a) It shall be in writing.
(b) It shall state on its face that it is an allegation of a violation of this act, describe with particularity the
nature of the violation, and include a reference to the provision, rule, or order alleged to be violated.
(c) It shall contain all of the following:
(i) The date of the citation.
(ii) The name and title of the individual who issued the citation.
(iii) The name and address of the person to whom the citation is issued.
(iv) The actions necessary to bring the person to whom the citation is issued into compliance,
including the payment of a fine.
(v) A space for the signature of the person to whom the citation is issued indicating that the person
has received the citation.
(vi) A space where the person to whom the citation is issued may accept the citation and agree to
comply or, in the alternative, may indicate the intent of the person to whom the citation is issued to contest the
(vii) A notice that the person to whom the citation is issued shall accept or reject the terms of the
citation within 15 days of the date of the citation.
(viii) A brief description of the administrative hearing process and the process for settlement as
provided for by rule.
(d) A citation may either be mailed to the person to whom the citation is issued by certified mail,
return receipt requested, or delivered in person by the state fire marshal or state fire marshal's designee who issued
28.468 Violation of act; penalty; reimbursement of storage costs.
(1) Unless otherwise provided in this act, if a person violates this act, the person is guilty of a crime as
(a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more
than 30 days or a fine of not more than $1,000.00, or both.
(b) If the violation causes damage to the property of another person, a misdemeanor punishable by
imprisonment for not more than 90 days or a fine of not more than $5,000.00, or both.
(c) If the violation causes serious impairment of a body function of another person, a felony punishable by
imprisonment for not more than 5 years or a fine of not more than $5,000.00, or both.
(d) If the violation causes the death of another person, a felony punishable by imprisonment for not more
than 15 years or a fine of not more than $10,000.00, or both.
(2) In addition to any other penalty imposed for the violation of this act, a person that is found guilty of a
violation of this act shall be required to reimburse the appropriate governmental agency for the costs of storing
seized fireworks that the governmental agency confiscated for a violation of this act. This reimbursement shall be in
a form and at a time as required by the department and as otherwise required by law.
28.468a Citation for serious violation; fine; prosecution; payment of civil fines to department; collection
(1) Except as otherwise provided in this section, a person who receives a citation for a serious violation, an
order issued under this act, or a rule promulgated under this act shall be assessed a civil fine of not more than
$1,000.00 for each violation.
(2) Except as otherwise provided in this section, a person who receives a citation for a violation of this act
that is not a serious violation may be assessed a civil fine of not more than $500.00 for each violation.
(3) Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply to violations for which a specific civil fine is provided by this act.
(4) The state fire marshal may request that the prosecuting attorney for the county in which a violation of
this act occurred issue a complaint and request a warrant for the prosecution of a person who commits a criminal
violation of this act.
(5) All civil fines collected under this section shall be paid to the department within 15 working days after
the date the penalty is ordered, not subject to further review, and credited to the fireworks safety fund.
(6) The department of treasury shall institute proceedings to collect any civil fines ordered but not paid
under this act.
28.468b Issuance of certificate prohibited; revocation.
(1) The department shall not issue, and a person is ineligible to be issued, a consumer fireworks certificate
if either of the following apply:
(a) The person was sentenced for a felony conviction within the preceding 5 years.
(b) The person has ever been convicted of a felony involving theft, fraud, or arson.
(2) If a person is convicted of a crime that would cause the person to be ineligible to be issued a consumer
fireworks certificate on April 30 of the following year, the person's consumer fireworks certificate shall be revoked
for the balance of the year for which the person's current consumer fireworks certificate was issued.
28.468c Person ineligible to obtain consumer fireworks certificates; offenses; periods; sanctions.
(1) A person who is convicted of the following offenses is ineligible to obtain a consumer fireworks
certificate for the following periods of time after conviction:
(a) For a second violation of section 4(1), 5 years.
(b) For a third or subsequent violation of section 4(1), 10 years.
(c) For a first violation of section 8(4), 1 year.
(d) For a second violation of section 8(4), 5 years.
(e) For a third or subsequent violation of section 8(4), 10 years.
(f) For a violation of section 18(1)(b), 1 year.
(g) For a violation of section 18(1)(c), permanently.
(h) For a violation of section 18(1)(d), permanently.
(2) A sanction imposed under subsection (1) shall be imposed in addition to any other penalty or sanction
imposed for a violation of this act.
28.469 Inspections; delegation of authority and responsibility.
Sec. 19. The department may delegate authority and responsibility to carry out inspections and other duties
under this act.
(1) The department shall promulgate rules under the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306,
MCL 24.201 to 24.328, to administer this act, including, but not limited to, all of the following:
(a) Create uniform applications and other forms for dissemination to and use by local units of government
under this act.
(b) Procedures for the collection of application fees and fireworks safety fees.
(c) Enforcement of regulatory duties.
(d) The enforcement of age limitations.
(2) Rules promulgated under this section shall conform to the following codes developed by the national
fire protection association, except for any code provision that conflicts with this act:
(a) NFPA 1123, code for fireworks display.
(b) NFPA 1124, code for manufacture, transportation, storage, and retail sales of fireworks and pyrotechnic
(c) NFPA 1126, standard for the use of pyrotechnics.
(3) The rules promulgated under former chapter XXXIX of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL
750.243a to 750.243e, pertaining to the display of articles pyrotechnic and display fireworks that are in effect on the
effective date of this act shall remain in effect until rescinded or otherwise changed according to law, as provided for
in section 31 of the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.231.
28.471 Report by state fire marshal.
Sec. 21. No later than October 1, 2013, the state fire marshal shall provide a report to the legislature that
details both of the following:
(a) The costs associated with the inspection of retail locations under this act. It is the intent of the
legislature that the information described in this subdivision be used to determine the consumer fireworks certificate
fee for each retail location under section 4 beginning January 1, 2014.
(b) The types and number of violations of this act.