Section 2401. Definitions.
The following words and phrases when used in this article shall have the meanings given to them in this
section unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:
"APA 87-1." The American Pyrotechnics Association Standard 87-1: Standard for Construction and
Approval for Transportation of Fireworks, Novelties, and Theatrical Pyrotechnics, 2001 edition, or any subsequent
(1) Any combustible or explosive composition or any substance or combination of substances which is
intended to produce visible or audible effects by combustion, is suitable for use by the public, complies with the
construction, performance, composition and labeling requirements promulgated by the Consumer Products Safety
Commission in 16 CFR (relating to commercial practices) or any successor regulation and complies with the
provisions for "consumer fireworks" as defined in APA 87-1 or any successor standard, the sale, possession and use
of which shall be permitted throughout this Commonwealth.
(2) The term does not include devices as "ground and hand-held sparkling devices," "novelties" or "toy
caps" in APA 87-1 or any successor standard, the sale, possession and use of which shall be permitted at all times
throughout this Commonwealth.
"Display fireworks." Large fireworks to be used solely by professional pyrotechnicians and designed
primarily to produce visible or audible effects by combustion, deflagration or detonation. The term includes, but is
not limited to:
(1) salutes that contain more than two grains or 130 milligrams of explosive materials;
(2) aerial shells containing more than 60 grams of pyrotechnic compositions; and
(3) other display pieces that exceed the limits of explosive materials for classification as consumer
fireworks and are classified as fireworks UN0333, UN0334 or UN0335 under 49 CFR 172.101 (relating to purpose
and use of hazardous materials table).
"Municipality." A city, borough, incorporated town or township.
"NFPA 1124." The National Fire Protection Association Standard 1124, Code for the Manufacture,
Transportation and Storage of Fireworks and Pyrotechnic Articles, 2006 edition, or any subsequent edition.
"Occupied structure." A structure, vehicle or place adapted for overnight accommodation of persons or for
conducting business whether or not a person is actually present.
"Outdoor storage unit." A consumer fireworks building, trailer, semitrailer, metal shipping container or
magazine meeting the specifications of NFPA 1124.
"Temporary structure." A structure, other than a permanent facility with fixed utility connections, which is
in use or in place for a period of 20 consecutive calendar days or less and is dedicated to the storage and sale of
consumer fireworks and related items. The term includes temporary retail sales stands, tents, canopies and
membrane structures meeting the specifications of NFPA 1124. The term shall not include a facility that is not
licensed to sell consumer fireworks under this article.
Section 2402. Permits.
(a) Permissible purposes.--Display fireworks may be possessed and used by a person holding a permit from
a municipality at the display covered by the permit or when used as authorized by a permit for any of the following:
(1) For agricultural purposes in connection with the raising of crops and the protection of crops from bird
and animal damage.
(2) By railroads or other transportation agencies for signal purposes or illumination.
(3) In quarrying or for blasting or other industrial use.
(4) In the sale or use of blank cartridges for a show or theater.
(5) For signal or ceremonial purposes in athletics or sports.
(6) By military organizations or organizations composed of veterans of the armed forces of the United
(b) Age limitation.--A display fireworks permit may not be issued to a person under 21 years of age.
(c) Bond.--The governing body of the municipality shall require a bond deemed adequate by it from the
permittee in a sum not less than $50,000 conditioned for the payment of all damages which may be caused to a
person or property by reason of the display and arising from an act of the permittee or an agent, an employee or a
subcontractor of the permittee.
Section 2403. Request for extension.
(a) Authorization.--If, because of unfavorable weather, the display for which a permit has been granted
does not occur at the time authorized by the permit, the person to whom the permit was issued may within 24 hours
apply for a request for extension to the municipality which granted the permit.
(b) Contents of request.--The request for extension shall state under oath that the display was not made,
provide the reason that the display was not made and request a continuance of the permit for a date designated
within the request, which shall be not later than one week after the date originally designated in the permit.
(c) Determination.--Upon receiving the request for extension, the municipality, if it believes that the facts
stated within the request are true, shall extend the provisions of the permit to the date designated within the request,
which shall be not later than one week after the date originally designated in the permit.
(d) Conditions.--The extension of time shall be granted without the payment of an additional fee and
without requiring a bond other than the bond given for the original permit, the provisions of which shall extend to
and cover all damages which may be caused by reason of the display occurring at the extended date and in the same
manner and to the same extent as if the display had occurred at the date originally designated in the permit.
Section 2404. Use of consumer fireworks.
(a) Conditions.--A person who is at least 18 years of age and meets the requirements of this article may
purchase, possess and use consumer fireworks.
(b) Prohibitions.--A person may not intentionally ignite or discharge:
(1) Consumer fireworks on public or private property without the express permission of the owner.
(2) Consumer fireworks or sparkling devices within, or throw consumer fireworks or sparkling devices
from, a motor vehicle or building.
(3) Consumer fireworks or sparkling devices into or at a motor vehicle or building or at another person.
(4) Consumer fireworks or sparkling devices while the person is under the influence of alcohol, a controlled
substance or another drug.
(5) Consumer fireworks within 150 feet of an occupied structure.
Section 2404.1. Use of display fireworks.
No display fireworks shall be ignited within 300 feet of a facility that meets the requirements of section
2407 or 2410.
Section 2405. Agricultural purposes.
(a) Authorization.--The governing body of a municipality may, under reasonable rules and regulations
adopted by it, grant permits for the use of suitable fireworks for agricultural purposes in connection with the raising
of crops and the protection of crops from bird and animal damage.
(b) Duration of permit.--A permit under this section shall remain in effect for the calendar year in which it
(c) Conditions.--After a permit under this section has been granted, sales, possession and use of fireworks
of the type and for the purpose mentioned in the permit shall be lawful for that purpose only.
Section 2406. Rules and regulations by municipality.
(a) Authorization.--Permission shall be given by the governing body of a municipality under reasonable
rules and regulations for displays of display fireworks to be held within the municipality.
(1) Each display shall be:
(i) handled by a competent operator; and
(ii) of a character and so located, discharged or fired as, in the opinion of the chief of the fire
department or other appropriate officer as may be designated by the governing body of the municipality,
after proper inspection, to not be hazardous to property or endanger any person.
(2) After permission is granted under this section, possession and use of display fireworks for display shall
be lawful for that purpose only.
(3) A permit shall be transferable.
Section 2407. Sales locations.
Except as provided in section 2410, consumer fireworks shall be sold only from facilities which are
licensed by the Department of Agriculture and that meet the following criteria:
(1) The facility shall comply with the provisions of the act of November 10, 1999 (P.L.491, No.45), known
as the Pennsylvania Construction Code Act.
(2) The facility shall be a stand-alone permanent structure.
(3) Storage areas shall be separated from wholesale or retail sales areas to which a purchaser may be
admitted by appropriately rated fire separation.
(4) The facility shall be located no closer than 250 feet from a facility selling or dispensing gasoline,
propane or other flammable products.
(5) The facility shall be located at least 1,500 feet from another facility licensed to sell consumer fireworks.
(6) The facility shall have a monitored burglar and fire alarm system.
(7) Quarterly fire drills and preplanning meetings shall be conducted as required by the primary fire
Section 2408. Fees, granting of licenses and inspections.
(a) Initial application fees.--
(1) An initial application for a license to sell consumer fireworks shall be submitted to the Department of
Agriculture on forms prescribed and provided by the department with a nonrefundable application fee as follows:
(i) For a facility meeting the requirements of section 2407, the application shall be submitted with
a nonrefundable application fee of $2,500.
(ii) For a facility meeting the requirements of section 2410, the application shall be submitted with
a nonrefundable application fee of $1,000 no later than 60 days prior to the first day of sale.
(2) An application under paragraph (1)(i) or (ii) shall also be accompanied by the appropriate annual
license fee as provided in subsection (b).
(b) Annual license fees.--The annual license fee for a facility licensed to sell consumer fireworks shall be as
(1) $7,500 for a location up to 10,000 square feet;
(2) $10,000 for a location greater than 10,000 and up to 15,000 square feet;
(3) $20,000 for a location greater than 15,000 square feet; and
(4) $3,000 for a temporary structure.
(c) Time limitations and inspections.--
(1) A facility meeting the requirements of section 2407 shall be inspected by the Department of Agriculture
within 30 days of receipt of a complete application for a license. The Department of Agriculture shall issue or deny a
license within 14 days of completing the inspection.
(2) The Department of Agriculture shall issue or deny a license for a facility meeting the requirements of
section 2410 no later than 10 days prior to the first day of sale. The facility shall be available for inspection by the
Department of Agriculture for compliance with NFPA 1124 at all times during the licensed selling period.
(d) Term of license.--A license issued for the sale of consumer fireworks shall be effective for one year
from the date the license is issued.
(e) License renewal and inspections.--License renewal shall be automatic upon payment of the appropriate
annual license fee under subsection (b), but each facility shall be subject to annual inspections by the Department of
Agriculture and at other times as the department may deem appropriate.
(f) Condition.--No license may be issued to a convicted felon or to an entity in which a convicted felon
owns a percentage of the equity interest.
Section 2409. Conditions for facilities.
A facility licensed by the Department of Agriculture shall be exclusively dedicated to the storage and sale
of consumer fireworks and related items, and the facility shall operate in accordance with the following rules:
(1) There shall be security personnel on the premises for the seven days preceding and including July 4 and
for the three days preceding and including January 2.
(2) No smoking shall be permitted in the facility.
(3) No cigarettes or tobacco products, matches, lighters or any other flame-producing devices shall be
permitted to be taken into the facility.
(4) No minors shall be permitted in the facility unless accompanied by an adult, and each minor shall stay
with the adult in the facility.
(5) All facilities shall carry at least $2,000,000 in public and product liability insurance.
(6) A licensee shall provide its employees with documented training in the area of operational safety of a
facility. The licensee shall provide to the Department of Agriculture written documentation that each employee has
received the training.
(7) No display fireworks shall be stored or located at a facility.
(8) No person who appears to be under the influence of intoxicating liquor or drugs shall be admitted to the
facility, and no liquor, beer or wine shall be permitted in the facility.
(9) Emergency evacuation plans shall be conspicuously posted in appropriate locations within the facility.
Section 2410. Temporary structures.
(a) Conditions.--Notwithstanding section 2407 or any other provision of law, a temporary structure may be
licensed by the Department of Agriculture to sell consumer fireworks if the temporary structure meets all of the
(1) The temporary structure is located no closer than 250 feet from a facility storing, selling or dispensing
gasoline, propane or other flammable products.
(2) An evacuation plan is posted in a conspicuous location for a temporary structure in accordance with
(3) The outdoor storage unit, if any, is separated from the wholesale or retail sales area to which a
purchaser may be admitted by appropriately rated fire separation.
(4) The temporary structure complies with NFPA 1124 as it relates to retail sales of consumer fireworks in
(5) The temporary structure is located one of the following distances from a permanent facility licensed to
sell consumer fireworks under the act of May 15, 1939 (P.L.134, No.65), referred to as the Fireworks Law, at the
time of the effective date of this article:
(i) Prior to January 1, 2023, at least five miles.
(ii) Beginning January 1, 2023, at least two miles.
(6) The temporary structure does not exceed 2,500 square feet.
(7) The temporary structure is secured at all times during which consumer fireworks are displayed within
(8) The temporary structure has a minimum of $2,000,000 in public and product liability insurance.
(9) The sales period is limited to June 15 through July 8 and December 21 through January 2 of each year.
(10) Consumer fireworks not on display for retail sale are stored in an outdoor storage unit.
(b) Limitations.--The sale of consumer fireworks from the temporary structure is limited to the following:
(1) Helicopter, Aerial Spinner (APA 87-1, 184.108.40.206).
(2) Roman Candle (APA 87-1, 220.127.116.11).
(3) Mine and shell devices not exceeding 500 grams.
Section 2411. Attorney General.
(a) Registration.--Any business entity which performs, provides or supervises fireworks displays or
exhibitions for profit shall register annually with the Attorney General.
(b) Rules.--The Attorney General shall promulgate rules to implement this section.
Section 2412. Consumer fireworks tax.
(a) Imposition.--In addition to any other tax imposed by law, a tax is imposed on each separate sale at retail
of consumer fireworks, which tax shall be collected by the retailer from the purchaser at the time of sale and shall be
paid over to the Commonwealth as provided in this section. A tax imposed under this subsection on each separate
sale at retail shall be paid to and received by the Department of Revenue and, along with interest and penalties, shall
be deposited into the General Fund.
(b) Rate.--The tax authorized under subsection (a) shall be imposed and collected at the rate of 12% of the
purchase price per item sold. The purchase price shall include State and local sales taxes.
(c) Collection and administration.--The provisions of Part VI of Article II shall apply to the tax authorized
under subsection (a). No additional fee shall be charged for a license or license renewal other than the license or
renewal fee required under section 2408 and the license or renewal fee authorized and imposed under Article II.
Section 2413. Disposition of certain funds.
(a) Transfer.--One-sixth of the tax collected under this article in a fiscal year, not to exceed $2,000,000,
shall be transferred annually for use as follows:
(1) Seventy-five percent of the amount transferred under this subsection shall be used for the purpose of
making grants under 35 Pa.C.S. Ch. 78 Subch. C (relating to Emergency Medical Services Grant Program).
(2) Twenty-five percent of the amount transferred under this subsection shall be deposited into a special
account in the State Treasury designated as the Online Training Educator and Training Reimbursement Account for
the purposes of developing, delivering and sustaining training programs for volunteer firefighters in this
(3) The Office of the State Fire Commissioner shall establish guidelines for use of the money deposited
under paragraph (2). By December 31, 2018, and each December 31 thereafter, the Office of the State Fire
Commissioner shall provide a written report detailing the use of the money received from the prior fiscal year to the
chairperson and minority chairperson of the Agriculture and Rural Affairs Committee of the Senate, the chairperson
and minority chairperson of the Veterans Affairs and Emergency Preparedness Committee of the Senate, the
chairperson and minority chairperson of the Agriculture and Rural Affairs Committee of the House of
Representatives and the Veterans Affairs and Emergency Preparedness Committee of the House of Representatives.
(b) Payments.--The transfer required under subsection (a) shall be made by September 15, 2018, and each
September 15 thereafter.
Section 2414. Penalties.
The following shall apply:
(1) A person using consumer fireworks in violation of the provisions of this article commits a summary
offense and, upon conviction, shall be punished by a fine of not more than $100.
(2) A person selling consumer fireworks in violation of the provisions of this act commits a misdemeanor
of the second degree.
(3) A person selling display fireworks in violation of the provisions of this act commits a felony of the third
(4) A person selling federally illegal explosives such as devices as described in 49 CFR 173.54 (relating to
forbidden explosives) or those devices that have not been tested, approved and labeled by the United States
Department of Transportation, including, but not limited to, those devices commonly referred to as "M-80," "M-
100," "blockbuster," "cherry bomb" or "quarter or half stick" explosive devices, in violation of the provisions of this
act commits a felony of the third degree.
Section 2415. Removal, storage and destruction.
The Pennsylvania State Police, a sheriff or police officer shall take, remove or cause to be removed at the
expense of the owner all stocks of consumer fireworks or display fireworks or combustibles offered or exposed for
sale, stored or held in violation of this article. The owner shall also be responsible for the storage and, if deemed
necessary, the destruction of these fireworks.
Section 2416. Transition.
A person who, on the effective date of this section, holds a license under the act of May 15, 1939 (P.L.134,
No.65), referred to as the Fireworks Law, may continue the activity permitted by the license for a period of 90 days
following the effective date of this section or the date the license expires by the terms of the license, whichever is
sooner. After the expiration of the 90-day period or the license, whichever is sooner, the person must obtain the
license required under this article to continue the permitted activity, if applicable.